Founded in the wake of the first World War under the leadership of Walter Gropius, the Bauhaus strove to create a design ethos for a brave new world.
Buildings and interiors and domestic objects used on a daily basis needed to reflect the demands of modern industrial life rather than hark back to historical forms. Gropius designed a new school as well as housing for the Bauhaus masters who included the artists Paul Klee and Wassily Kandinsky as well as Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, its architectural director. It was closed by the Nazis with many of those associated with the Bauhaus moving to America. Modernism was transformed into an International Style that dominated architecture until the 1970s. It’s still with us in the 21st century.